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... urges [Government of affected country] to carry out transparent and credible investigations on alleged violations of international human rights law and international humanitarian law by [affected country’s defense and security forces], calls for those responsible for such violations or abuses to be held accountable,

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Decides that the mandate of [UN Mission] shall include the following priority tasks, bearing in mind that these tasks as well as those in [paragraph of Security Council resolution] are mutually reinforcing tasks: (i) Protection of civilians ... (f) work with the authorities of [affected country] leveraging UN Police investigation capacities and expertise, to arrest and bring to justice those allegedly responsible for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity and violations of international humanitarian law and violations or abuses of human rights in the country, including through cooperation with States of the region and the ICC; (g) Provide good offices, advice and support to [Government of affected country] to promote human rights, in particular civil and political rights, and to fight impunity, including through the implementation of the Government’s “zero tolerance policy” with respect to discipline and human rights and international humanitarian law violations, committed by elements of the security sector, and to engage and facilitate mediation efforts at local level to advance sustainable peace;

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Welcomes the establishment of [affected country’s national human rights commission], and encourages [Government of affected country] to ... implement fully [action plan on human rights], including by implementing legislation aimed at protecting human rights and investigating and prosecuting perpetrators of crimes involving violations or abuses of human rights, violations of international humanitarian law, and conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence;

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[The Security Council] urges [Government of affected country] to respect, protect and guarantee human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, in line with the country’s constitution and its international obligations, to adhere to the rule of law, to bring to justice and hold accountable all those responsible, including members of the security forces and violent actors affiliated to political parties, for crimes involving violations of international humanitarian law or violations and abuses of human rights, as applicable, including those involving sexual violence and all violations and abuses against children.

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Calls upon [States contributing troops to regional force] to ensure the highest standards of transparency, conduct and discipline for their contingents operating in the framework of [regional force], to establish a robust compliance framework to prevent, investigate, address and publicly report violations and abuses of human rights law and violations of international humanitarian law related to [regional force]

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... underscoring that certain acts or offences associated with trafficking in persons in the context of armed conflict may constitute war crimes; and recalling further the responsibilities of States to end impunity and to prosecute those responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes as well as other crimes and the need for States to adopt appropriate measures within their national legal systems for those crimes for which they are required under international law to exercise their responsibility to investigate and prosecute,

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Calls upon [Government of affected country] and [subnational components of affected country] to enhance civilian oversight of its Security Forces, to adopt and implement appropriate vetting procedures of all defence and security personnel, including human rights vetting, in particular through investigation and prosecuting individuals responsible for violations of international law, including international humanitarian law, and in this context recalls the importance of the Secretary-General’s Human Rights and Due Diligence Policy in relation to the support provided by the United Nations to [affected country’s armed forces];

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Further authorises [UN Mission] to pursue the following tasks of its mandate ...:

(a) Support for the extension of State authority, the deployment of security forces, and the preservation of territorial integrity ... (iii) To promote and support the rapid extension of State authority over the entire territory of [affected country], including by supporting the deployment of vetted and trained national police and gendarmerie in priority areas, including through co-location, advising, mentoring and monitoring, in coordination with other partners, as part of the deployment of the territorial administration and other rule of law authorities, for increasing State presence in these priority areas outside of [capital of affected country]; (iv) ... to consider providing support to the progressive and coordinated redeployment of [affected country’s armed forces] units trained by [regional organization’s Mission], as an element of the strategy for the extension of State authority, in accordance with the United Nations HRDDP and with the guarantee that is does not constitutes a risk to the stabilization of the country, civilians or the political process, and requesting the Secretary-General to present recommendations, with detailed benchmarks and timelines, to the Security Council for its consideration and possible approval within 6 months of the adoption of this resolution, while keeping in mind that technical agreements between the United Nations and donors could be considered to support [affected country’s armed forces]; ...

(e) Support for national and international justice, the fight against impunity, and the rule of law (i) To help reinforce the independence of the judiciary, build the capacities, and enhance the effectiveness of the national judicial system as well as the effectiveness and the accountability of the penitentiary system]; (ii) To help build the capacities of the national human rights institution coordinating with the Independent Expert on human rights as appropriate ... (x) To provide support and to coordinate international assistance to build the capacities, and enhance the effectiveness of the criminal justice system as well as the effectiveness and the accountability of police and penitentiary system; (xi) Without prejudice to the primary responsibility of [affected country’s] authorities, to support the restoration and maintenance of public safety and the rule of law, including through apprehending and handing over to [affected country’s] authorities, consistent with international law, those in the country responsible for crimes involving serious human rights violations and abuses and serious violations of international humanitarian law, including sexual violence in conflict, so that they can be brought to justice, and through cooperation with States of the region as well as the ICC in cases of crimes falling within its jurisdiction;

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Encourages Member States, and regional and intergovernmental organizations, to provide appropriate legal assistance and capacity building to [Government of affected country] in order to strengthen its courts and judicial system;

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Welcomes [Government of affected country’s] active engagement with the Universal Periodic Review Process and encourages implementation of all accepted recommendations;

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[op. 15] Decides that the mandate of [UN-regional Mission] will include the following tasks: (a) Protection of civilians, facilitation of humanitarian assistance and the safety and security of humanitarian personnel: ... (vii) To assist in the implementation of the provisions of [existing peace agreements] and any subsequent agreements relating to human rights and the rule of law and to contribute to the creation of an environment conducive to respect for human rights, accountability, and the rule of law, in which all are ensured effective protection, including through monitoring and reporting on human rights, and support to institutional development, advocacy with the authorities and increased capacity building to strengthen transitional justice and human rights institutions, including [special jurisdiction established by Government of affected country to judge alleged perpetrators of violations of international law in region of affected country], and through supporting the establishment of criminal justice institutions and rural courts through the provision of advice and logistical support in areas of [region of affected country] that are key to the voluntary return of displaced populations to address land disputes and other inter-communal conflict drivers; ... (b) Mediation between [Government of affected country] and non-signatory armed movements: ... (iv) To support the implementation of [existing peace agreements] and any subsequent agreements, with particular focus on the provisions related to ... justice, reconciliation and land, within its capacities, including through the provision of technical assistance and logistical support to the residual bodies of [relevant regional authority]; ... [op. 29] ... urges [Government of affected country], with the support of [UN-regional Mission] and the United Nations Country Team, to address the ongoing impunity through ensuring accountability for human rights abuses and violations in situations of intercommunal conflicts in [area of affected country] as well as attacks perpetrated by militias;

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Stresses the importance of [Government of affected country] actively seeking to hold accountable those responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity in the country and of regional cooperation to this end, including through its ongoing cooperation with the International Criminal Court, encourages [UN Mission] to use its existing authority to assist [Government of affected country] in this regard, and calls on all signatories of [regional agreement] to continue to implement their commitments and cooperate fully with one another and [Government of affected country], as well as [UN Mission] to this end;

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Encourages Governments [participating in military operations against armed groups] in [region] to ... facilitate the restoration of civilian security and the rule of law in areas restored to Government control, and guarantee free movement of goods and persons; ...

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[pp. 21] Reiterating its call on the Government of [affected country] to conduct transparent, independent and credible investigations into human rights violations and abuses, in accordance with international standards, and to hold those responsible accountable for their actions, [op. 3] Also affirms that [UN Mission] and the Special Representative will continue to lead international efforts in the following priority areas: ... (b) Provide strategic and technical advice and support for the establishment of effective and efficient law enforcement and criminal justice and penitentiary systems, capable of maintaining public security and combating impunity, while respecting human rights and fundamental freedoms; (c) Assist national authorities in the promotion and protection of human rights as well as undertake human rights monitoring and reporting activities [op. 10] Call on the security and defence services to continue to submit themselves fully to civilian control;

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Calling on the Government of [affected country] to fulfil all its commitments, including lifting the state of emergency in [affected area], allowing free expression and undertaking effective efforts to ensure accountability for violations and abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, by whomsoever perpetrated

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The Security Council calls upon [Government of affected country] to ensure no further excessive use of military force in [specific area of affected country], to restore civilian administration and apply the rule of law, and to take immediate steps in accordance with their obligations and commitments to respect human rights, including the human rights of women, children, and persons belonging to vulnerable groups, without discrimination and regardless of ethnicity, religion, or citizenship status,

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Underscores the importance of [Government of affected country] continuing to develop national security and rule of law institutions that are fully and independently operational, and to this end, encourages accelerated coordinated progress on the implementation of [national policy on security and justice, and national policy on human rights], and urges the effective, transparent and efficient management by [Government of affected country] of assistance, including from bilateral and multilateral partners, to support the reform of the justice and security sectors;

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Urges the Government of [affected country] to respect, protect and guarantee human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, in line with the country’s international obligations, to adhere to the rule of law, to bring to justice and hold accountable all those responsible for crimes involving violations of international humanitarian law or violations and abuses of human rights, as applicable, including those involving sexual violence and all violations and abuses against children;

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Also decides that [UN Mission]’s strategic objective is to support the creation of conditions conducive to the sustainable reduction of the presence of, and threat posed by, armed groups through a comprehensive approach and a proactive and robust posture without prejudice to the basic principles of peacekeeping, that combines and includes the following core priority tasks ... (d) Assistance to advance the rule of law and combat impunity: Urgent temporary measures (i) To urgently and actively adopt, within the limits of its capacities and areas of deployment, at the formal request of [affected country’s] Authorities and in areas where national security forces are not present or operational, urgent temporary measures on an exceptional basis and without creating a precedent and without prejudice to the agreed principles of peacekeeping operations, which are limited in scope, time-bound and consistent with the objectives set out in [paragraphs of Security Council resolution], to arrest and detain in order to maintain basic law and order and fight impunity; (ii) To pay particular attention, in implementing the urgent temporary measures in the conditions stated above, to those engaging in or providing support for acts that undermine the peace, stability or security of [affected country], including acts that threaten or impede the political process, or the stabilization and reconciliation process, or that fuel violence; (iii) Requests the Secretary-General to continue to report to the Security Council any measures that may be adopted on this basis; ... (iv) To provide technical assistance to [affected country’s] Authorities to identify, investigate and prosecute those responsible for crimes involving violations of international humanitarian law and of violations and abuses of human rights committed throughout [affected country] so that they can be brought to justice, and to help prevent such violations and abuses; (v) To provide support and to coordinate international assistance to the justice and correctional institutions to reinstate the criminal justice system, within the framework of the United Nations global focal point on rule of law, in a manner that emphasizes civilian oversight, impartiality and the protection of human rights; ...

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Calling on all parties to comply with their obligations under international human rights law and international humanitarian law, stressing the importance that the Council attaches to ending impunity including through ensuring accountability and bringing to justice the perpetrators of crimes committed by all parties in [region of affected country], urging [Government of affected country] to comply with its obligations in this respect, welcoming the ongoing investigations by [relevant judicial authority] appointed by [Government of affected country] and stressing the need for further progress in this regard, reiterating the call for swift progress on the draft Memorandum of Understanding providing for [UN Mission] and [regional organization] observation of the proceedings of [judicial court established by Government of affected country], and calling on [Government of affected country] swiftly to investigate attacks against [UN Mission], and to bring the perpetrators to justice,

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Affirming that [Government of affected country] bears primary responsibility for protecting all populations within its territory, stressing that lasting stability in [affected country] will require [Government of affected country] to sustain effective and accountable government institutions, particularly in the rule of law and security sectors, including capable, professional, and efficient military, police and border security forces, and, in this regard, welcoming the relevant assistance of bilateral partners and multilateral organizations,

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Emphasizes the responsibility of States to comply with the relevant obligations under international law to end impunity and to ensure those responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law are held to account;

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[op. 8] Reiterates its call upon [Government of affected country] to ensure in the shortest possible time frame that, irrespective of their status or political affiliation, all those responsible for serious violations and abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, including those committed during and after the post-electoral crisis in [affected country], are brought to justice in accordance with its international obligations, and urges the Government to continue its cooperation with the International Criminal Court; [op. 9] Calls upon [Government of affected country] to increase and expedite its efforts to combat impunity and ensure equitable and independent justice without discrimination, and encourages [Government of affected country] to further strengthen the rule of law, including through the promotion of an enabling environment to ensure that the work of [affected country’s] judicial system is impartial, credible, transparent and consistent with internationally agreed standards;

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... encourages [affected country’s] authorities to urgently address [current situation of instability due to ongoing presence of armed groups] through a comprehensive approach, ... including by ... the strengthening of the fight against impunity through the upholding of national accountability mechanisms, including the regular courts and [special jurisdiction established to try suspected perpetrators of acts that may constitute violations of international humanitarian law, or violations or abuses of international human rights law, committed in affected country].

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The Security Council, noting the link between justice and conflict prevention, calls upon countries of [region] to hold accountable perpetrators of human rights violations and abuses and violations of international humanitarian law and to effectively support measures of conflict prevention, by ending the culture of impunity.

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