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Urges [Government of affected country] and [armed groups signatory of peace agreement] to take immediate and concrete action to implement key provisions of [peace agreement], through: ...– progress in the cantonment and disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) processes, as well as in an inclusive and consensual security sector reform, with a view to the progressive redeployment of the reconstituted and reformed defence and security forces in [affected country], through the registration of all combatants eligible to the DDR process by the end of [year], the effective launch of an accelerated cantonment, the completed integration of at least [X] members of the signatory armed groups in [affected country’s defence and security forces], and the start of the socioeconomic reintegration of unintegrated members of the signatory armed groups with the support of international partners, including the World Bank,

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[op. 28] Encourages [Government of affected country] to fully implement its DDR plan and provide appropriate funding, and initiate a strategic shift away from static demobilization to a more flexible approach, in order to effectively attract former combatants into joining the DDR programme, acknowledges that the absence of a credible DDR process adjusted to current armed groups dynamics is preventing armed elements from laying down their weapons, further demands that the government conduct any integration of former combatants into the security sector in a transparent manner and in line with international DDR and SSR standards;

[op. 37] Further authorizes [UN Mission] to pursue the following tasks in a streamlined and sequenced manner, and in support of [priorities defined in Security Council resolution]]: (i) Stabilisation and DDR ... (c) Provide good offices, advice and assistance to [Government of affected country], in close cooperation with other international partners, in the DDR of ... combatants [from affected country] not suspected of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity or abuses of human rights, into a peaceful civilian life in line with a Community Violence Reduction (CVR) approach through community-based security and stabilisation measures and flexible disarmament and demobilization approach, coordinated under the framework of [relevant national strategy], while paying specific attention to the needs of children formerly associated with armed forces and groups; (d) Provide support to the disarmament, demobilization, repatriation, resettlement and reintegration (DDRRR) process to return and reintegrate foreign combatants not suspected of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity or abuses of human rights and their dependants to a peaceful civilian life in their country of origin, or a receptive third country while paying specific attention to the needs of children formerly associated with armed forces and groups ...

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Underlines the importance of swift implementation of [plans to redesign security sector architecture in affected country], in order to develop [affected country]-led security institutions and forces, both military and civilian, that are capable, affordable, acceptable and accountable with the ability to provide security and protection to the people of [affected country], in particular to deliver effective security and protection for women, children and persons in vulnerable situations, as part of a comprehensive approach to security, ...

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Encouraging [affected country’s] authorities, in collaboration with [UN Mission] and [regional organization’s Mission] in [affected country], to provide equal opportunities for members of armed groups, whether [specific armed group] or [specific armed group], in the process of selecting eligible demobilized members to integrate into the national security and defence forces, and ... further encouraging [affected country’s] authorities] to ensure that [affected country’s armed forces] soldiers of all [regions of affected country] enjoy equal access to the registration and simplified verification process,

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Further authorises [UN Mission] to pursue the following tasks of its mandate ... (b) Security Sector Reform (SSR) (i) To provide strategic and technical advice to [affected country’s] authorities to implement the strategy for the SSR, ... with the aim of ensuring coherence of the SSR process, including through a clear delineation of responsibilities of [affected country’s military forces], the internal security forces, and other uniformed entities, as well as the democratic control of both defence and internal security forces; (ii) To support [affected country’s] authorities in developing an approach to the vetting of defence and security elements ... which includes human rights vetting, in particular to promote accountability of violations of international and domestic law amongst security forces and in the context of any integration of demobilized armed groups elements into security sector institutions; (iii) To take a leading role in supporting [affected country’s] authorities on implementing [national strategy for the development of affected country’s security forces], particularly command and control structures and oversight mechanisms, and coordinate international assistance in this regard;]; (iv) To support [affected country’s] government in developing an incentive structure for police and gendarmerie and the selection, recruitment, vetting and training of police and gendarmerie, with the support of donors and the United Nations Country Team (UNCT), taking into account the need to recruit women, and in full compliance with the UN Human rights due diligence policy (HRDDP); (v) To coordinate the provision of technical assistance and training between the international partners in [affected country], ... in order to ensure a clear distribution of tasks in the field of SSR, for the benefit of both [affected country’s military forces] and [affected country’s] internal security forces ...

(c) Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration (DDR) and Repatriation (DDRR) (i) To support [affected country’s] Authorities in developing and implementing an inclusive and progressive programme for the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and, in case of foreign elements, Repatriation (DDRR), of members of armed groups, based on [relevant DDRR agreement], while paying specific attention to the needs of children associated with armed forces and groups and the need to prevent re-recruitment, including through the implementation of [DDRR projects], including gender-sensitive programmes, with the aim to disarm, demobilize and reintegrate as well as, in coordination with [regional organization’s Mission], the United Nations Country Teams and other relevant partners, to integrate eligible and vetted armed groups elements in security forces, as an incentive to armed groups to remain engaged in the political process and in preparation for the national DDR programme;]; (ii) To support [affected country’s] authorities and relevant civil society organizations in developing and implementing Community Violence Reduction programmes, including gender-sensitive programmes, for members of armed groups non-eligible for participation in the national DDRR programme, in cooperation with development partners and together with communities of return ... (iii) To provide technical assistance to [affected country’s] authorities in developing and implementing a national plan for the integration of eligible demobilized members of armed groups into the security and defence forces, in line with the broader SSR agenda and the need to put in place professional, ethnically representative and regionally balanced national security and defence;

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Reaffirms that States bear the primary responsibility for protection of civilians and recognizes the important role that United Nations Police Components can play, where and as mandated, in the protection of civilians, including ..., where appropriate, supporting the efforts of host-authorities to build and reform policing and law enforcement institutions so they are able to sustainably and consistently protect civilians ...

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[pp. 8] Recognizing that [Government of affected country] has the primary responsibility to protect its citizens and build its own national security forces, noting that these forces should be inclusive and representative of [affected country] and act in full compliance with their obligations under international humanitarian law and international human rights law, [op. 22] Requests [Government of affected country] to expedite an [assessment] of [affected country’s security forces], to be completed by [date], to be led by [Government of affected country] with the active participation of [authorities of affected country’s subnational components], and together with [Security Council-authorized regional Mission] and the United Nations and other international partners to determine ... compliance with human rights obligations and international standards including screening for child soldiers, existence of accountability mechanisms, and level of vetting and training, ... in order to hand over specific security tasks, identify capacities for joint operations, determine ... training gaps, and provide a baseline for further security sector reform efforts, and to inform a revised Concept of Operations for [Security Council-authorized regional Mission];

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Encourages Governments in the Region, in collaboration with regional and sub-regional organisations, relevant United Nations entities and other relevant stakeholders, and, in the context of this resolution, to develop and implement a regional and coordinated strategy that encompasses transparent, inclusive, human rights-compliant disarmament, demobilisation, de-radicalisation, rehabilitation and reintegration initiatives, in line with strategies for prosecution, where appropriate, for persons associated with [armed groups], drawing upon regional and international best practice and lessons learned; and urges relevant national and through them local actors, to develop and implement appropriate plans for the disarmament, demobilisation, reintegration, and where appropriate prosecution of [self-defense militias];

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Calls on [Government of affected country] to fully implement] and provide without delay appropriate funding to its DDR Plan including with regards to reintegration, training, and preparation for resettlement in communities, as well as to weapons and ammunition management activities, in order to be able to effectively deal with former combatants, including those already under [affected country’s armed forces] responsibility and acknowledges that the absence of a credible DDR process is preventing armed elements from laying down their weapons;

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Expresses its strong support for the key role of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for [affected country], ... and further requests [UN Mission], including through the use of the good offices and political supports of the Special Representative, to focus, in particular, on the following priorities: ... (d) Support [Government of affected country], in cooperation with the Peacebuilding Commission towards the mobilization, harmonization and coordination of international assistance, including for the implementation of the national security sector reform and rule of law strategies, and enhancing cooperation with the [regional organizations] and other partners in support of the maintenance of constitutional order and the stabilization of [affected country];

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Urges also [affected country’s] authorities to adopt and implement a National Security Policy and a comprehensive strategy on SSR, including a strategy for a comprehensive reform of both [armed forces], and the internal security forces (police and gendarmerie), in order to put in place professional, ethnically representative and regionally balanced national defence and internal security forces, including through the adoption and implementation of appropriate vetting procedures of all defence and security personnel, including human rights vetting, as well as measures to absorb elements of armed groups meeting rigorous eligibility and vetting criteria, and requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council on progress taken in this regard as part of his regular reporting cycle;

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Recognizing that [Government of affected country] has a responsibility to protect its citizens and build its own national security forces, noting that these forces should be inclusive and representative of [affected country] and act in full compliance with their obligations under international humanitarian law and international human rights law, and reaffirming the intent of international partners to support [Government of affected country] in achieving this,

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Reiterates the need for [Government of affected country] to accelerate efforts to develop and implement sustainable reintegration opportunities to address the residual caseload of former ... combatants [from affected country], including those currently in [neighboring country], with a view to ensuring their sustainable social and economic reintegration into [affected country’s] society;

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Further authorizes [UN Mission] to use its capacities for the following essential tasks: (i) Security Sector Reform (SSR) (a) Provide good offices, advice and support to [Government of affected country] for the reform of the police, including by contributing, in compliance with the HRDDP, to the provision of training to units of [national police] and including human rights training; (b) Provide good offices, advice and support to [Government of affected country] to encourage and accelerate national ownership of security sector reform by [Government of affected country], including through developing a national strategy for the establishment of effective and accountable security institutions, as well as the development of a clear and comprehensive SSR implementation roadmap including benchmarks and timelines, and play a leading role in coordinating the support for SSR provided by international and bilateral partners and the United Nations system; (c) Provide good offices, advice and support to [Government of affected country], in compliance with the HRDDP, for army reform that would enhance its accountability, efficiency, self-sustainability, training, vetting and effectiveness, while noting that any support provided by the UN, including in the form of rations and fuel, should be subject to appropriate oversight and scrutiny;

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Calling upon [authorities of affected country] to ensure that perpetrators of violations of applicable international law, including those committed against children and women, are excluded from [affected country’s security and armed forces],

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Decides that the mandate of [UN Mission] shall be as follows, and authorizes [UN Mission] to use all necessary means to perform the following tasks: ... (d) Supporting the Implementation of [peace agreement]: ... (iv) To assist the parties to develop a strategy to address disarmament, demobilization, reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform (SSR) activities;

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Encourages all those involved in the planning for disarmament, demobilization and reintegration to consider the needs of youth affected by armed conflict, including, inter alia, such specific aspects as: (a) evidence-based and gender-sensitive youth employment opportunities, inclusive labour policies, national youth employment action plans in partnership with the private sector, developed in partnership with youth and recognising the interrelated role of education, employment and training in preventing the marginalisation of youth; (b) investment in building young persons’ capabilities and skills to meet labour demands through relevant education opportunities designed in a manner which promotes a culture of peace; (c) support for youth-led and peacebuilding organisations as partners in youth employment and entrepreneurship programs;

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Also decides that the mandate of [UN Mission] shall be the following: ... (d) Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programme (DDR) and collection of weapons – To assist the Government, in close coordination with other bilateral and international partners, in implementing, at the national and local levels, the national programme for the DDR of former combatants and dismantling of militias and self-defence groups, taking into account the rights and needs of the distinct categories of persons to be disarmed, demobilized and reintegrated, including children and women; – To support the registration and screening of former combatants and assist in assessing and verifying the reliability of the listings of former combatants; – To support the disarmament and repatriation of foreign armed elements, where relevant in cooperation with [UN Mission in neighboring country] and United Nations Country Teams in the region; (e) Reconstitution and reform of security institutions – To assist the Government in implementing, without delay and in close coordination with other international partners, its comprehensive national security strategy; – To support the Government in providing effective, transparent and harmonized coordination of assistance, including the promotion of a clear division of tasks and responsibilities, by international partners to the security sector reform (SSR) process; – To advise the Government, as appropriate, on SSR and the organization of the future national army, to facilitate the provision of training, within its current resources and as requested by the Government and in close coordination with other international partners, in human rights, child protection and protection from sexual and gender-based violence to the security and law enforcement institutions, as well as capacity-building support by providing technical assistance, co-location and mentoring programmes for [national security forces] and to contribute to restoring their presence throughout [affected country] and to promote trust and confidence within and between the security and law enforcement agencies and to offer support to the development of a sustainable vetting mechanism for personnel that will be absorbed into security sector institutions

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Decides that [national authorities] shall submit biannual reports to the Committee [established by the Security Council to oversee the implementation of the relevant sanctions regime] by [date] and by [date] on progress achieved in relation to DDR and SSR

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Decides that the mandate of [UN Mission] shall include the following immediate priority tasks: ... (h) Disarmament, Demobilization, Reintegration (DDR) and Repatriation (DDRR) (i) To support [national authorities] in developing and implementing a revised strategy for the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and, in case of foreign elements, Repatriation (DDRR), of former combatants and armed elements to reflect new realities on the ground, while paying specific attention to the needs of children associated with armed forces and groups; (ii) To support [national authorities] in implementing the revised strategy for reintegration of former combatants in line with the wider SSR; (iii) To support [national authorities] in developing and implementing community violence reduction programmes; (iv) To regroup and canton combatants in accordance with [relevant article of applicable cessation of hostilities agreement] and in cooperation with [national authorities] and destroy, as appropriate, the weapons and ammunitions of disarmed combatants in keeping with its effort to seize and collect arms and related materiel the supply, sale or transfer of which violate the measures imposed by [paragraph of resolution imposing arms embargo]

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... requests the Secretary-General to consider, as appropriate, security sector reform, including reform of policing and other law enforcement institutions, in the overall strategic planning of peacekeeping operations and special political missions in each country-specific context, and to work with Member States to enhance the capabilities and expertise of United Nations Police Components in relation to capacity development and institution building, including in the areas of: a. operational policing, including community-oriented policing and information-based policing; b. administration, management and leadership; c. governance, oversight and evaluation; d. policy formulation and strategic planning; and e. coordination with partners

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The Security Council, with respect to activities in the rule of law field that may be a part of mandates of peacekeeping operations and special political missions: ... –  emphasizes the importance of a sector-wide approach for security sector reform, which enhances the rule of law, including through the establishment of independent justice and correction systems, and reaffirms that effective security sector reform requires developing a professional, effective and accountable security sector that is under the civilian oversight of a democratic government

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... urges all international partners, together with [the Mission], to continue supporting [the affected country]’s efforts to professionalize and enhance the capacity of the national security services and the police, in particular through vetting for human rights violations, training on human rights and sexual and gender-based violence and promoting strong civilian oversight and monitoring, with the view to consolidating security sector governance;

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Urges the [National] Government to develop and implement expeditiously a national DDR programme, with clear and strict eligibility criteria, new secure and transparent database, the creation of a central authority to oversee all DDR aspects, and find solutions for sustained social and economic integration of former combatants, further encourages the United Nations Country Team to facilitate the planning and the implementation of programmes which support this process, in consultation with the [National] Government and close collaboration with all international partners;

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Reaffirms the importance that the Government of [the affected country] continues the review and reform of the security sector in [the affected country], in particular the need to delineate between the roles and responsibilities of [the national security forces of the affected country], to strengthen legal frameworks, and to enhance civilian oversight and accountability mechanisms of both security institutions, supports the efforts of the SRSG to promote Security Sector professionalization and requests [the mission] to continue to support the Government of [the affected country], as requested, in its efforts in the country;

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