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... encourages international partners to insist on respect for international human rights law, international humanitarian law and accountability as a necessary condition when partnering with [defence and security forces of affected country] or other armed actors;

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[op. 36] Decides that the mandate of [UN Mission] shall include the following priority tasks, bearing in mind that these tasks as well as those in [paragraph of Security Council resolution] are mutually reinforcing: (i) Protection of civilians (a) Ensure effective, dynamic and integrated protection of civilians under threat of physical violence through a comprehensive approach, including by preventing, deterring, and stopping all armed groups and local militias from inflicting violence on the populations, and by supporting and undertaking local mediation efforts to prevent escalation of violence, paying particular attention to civilians gathered in displaced persons and refugee camps, peaceful demonstrators, humanitarian personnel and human rights defenders, in line with the basic principles of peacekeeping and with a focus on violence emerging from any of the parties engaged in the conflict, outbreaks of violence between ethnic or religious rival groups or communities in identified territories, as well as in the context of elections, and mitigating the risk to civilians before, during and after any military operation; [op. 48] Urges the United Nations to continuously incorporate lessons learned to conduct reforms across [UN Mission] to better enable its offices and contingents to implement its mandate, in particular regarding the protection of civilians, and to improve Mission chain of command, increase the effectiveness of [UN Mission] operations, strengthen safety and security of personnel, and enhance [UN Mission]’s ability to manage complex situations, including the risk posed by improvised explosive devices and other explosive hazards;

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[op. 7 (a) (i)] Decides that the mandate of [UN Mission] shall be as follows, and authorizes [UN Mission] to use all necessary means to perform the following tasks: (a) Protection of civilians: (i) To protect civilians under threat of physical violence, irrespective of the source of such violence, within its capacity and areas of deployment, with specific protection for women and children, including through the continued use of the Mission’s Child Protection and Women Protection Advisers ... [op. 12] Emphasizes that protection of civilians must be given priority in decisions about the use of available capacity and resources within the mission, ...

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Decides further that [UN Mission] and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, within their mandate and in a manner consistent with [affected country’s] sovereignty, leadership and ownership, will continue to lead and coordinate the international civilian efforts, in full cooperation with the Government of [affected country] ... with a particular focus on the priorities laid out below: ... (e) continue, with the support of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, ... to cooperate ... with [Government of affected country] and relevant international and local non-governmental organizations to monitor the situation of civilians, to coordinate efforts to ensure their protection, to monitor places of detention, to promote accountability, and to assist in the full implementation of the fundamental freedoms and human rights provisions of the [affected country’s] Constitution and international treaties to which [affected country] is a State party ...

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Calls upon regional and international partners to support, through voluntary contributions, technical assistance and advice, ... efforts [of States contributing troops to regional force] in the establishment and implementation of [compliance framework to prevent, investigate, address and publicly report violations and abuses of human rights law and violations of international humanitarian law related to regional force] by [States contributing troops to regional force] and [regional force], and encourages all relevant partners, ... within the framework of their respective mandates and existing resources, to support the implementation of the compliance framework and to ensure close coordination of their activities in this regard;

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Recalling the commitments under [political agreement] by all States of the region not to interfere in the internal affairs of neighbouring countries, and to neither tolerate nor provide assistance or support of any kind to armed groups, and reiterating its strong condemnation of any and all internal or external support to armed groups active in the region, including through financial, logistical or military support, and not to harbour war criminals,

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[op.33] Reiterates the importance of current and future Troop- and Police-contributing countries (T/PCCs) providing troops and police with adequate capabilities, equipment and predeployment training in order to enhance the capacity of [UN Mission] to operate effectively and requests the Secretary-General to accelerate the recruitment of qualified staff, who have the competencies, education, work experience and language skills to adequately and effectively implement the tasks enumerated in [paragraphs of resolution defining UN Mission’s mandate, including the protection of civilians]; [op.42] Decides that the mandate of [UN Mission] shall include the following priority tasks: (a) Protection of civilians (i) To protect, without prejudice to the primary responsibility of [affected country’s authorities] and the basic principles of peacekeeping in line with S/PRST/2015/22, the civilian population under threat of physical violence; ... (iv) To identify and report threats to and attacks against civilians and implement prevention and response plans and strengthen civil-military cooperation; ...

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Reaffirms that States bear the primary responsibility for protection of civilians and recognizes the important role that United Nations Police Components can play, where and as mandated, in the protection of civilians, including in preventing and addressing sexual and gender based violence, and, where applicable, conflict-related sexual violence and violations and abuses against children in the context of conflict and post-conflict situations, including, where appropriate, supporting the efforts of host-authorities to build and reform policing and law enforcement institutions so they are able to sustainably and consistently protect civilians, and in this regard: ... (b) Requests the Secretary-General to ensure that United Nations Police Components support protection of civilians activities as part of the whole of mission approach in missions with protection of civilians mandates; ...

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... calls upon [regional organization] to investigate and report allegations of violations and abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law [attributed to personnel of regional organization’s Mission], as well as continuing to ensure the highest standards of transparency, and conduct and discipline;

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Reiterates the primary responsibility of Member States to protect civilian populations on their territories, in accordance with their obligations under international law, and calls on all Governments in the Region, and as relevant the United Nations and other actors, to prioritise human rights protection concerns including through: greater cooperation by concerned Governments with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the Offices of the Special Representatives on Sexual Violence in Conflict and Children and Armed Conflict; ... enhanced capacity and responsiveness of national human rights mechanisms across the Region; and taking measures to increase the number of women in the security sector;

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... The Security Council encourages those with influence over parties to armed conflict to remind the latter of their obligation to comply with international humanitarian law

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Underscores that [UN Mission]’s protection of civilians mandate as set out in [paragraph of previous resolution] includes taking the necessary actions to protect civilians under imminent threat of physical violence, irrespective of the source of such violence;

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The Security Council stresses the need for Member States in [region] to complement the regional military and security operations against [armed group] by national and regional efforts, with the assistance of bilateral partners and multilateral organizations, ... to strengthen measures to protect civilians and promote and protect human rights, particularly of women and children ...

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The Security Council expresses its deep concern at the failure of the parties to fully adhere to their commitments to implement [peace agreement]. In this regard, the Security Council calls for the following steps to be taken: ... 5. [Government of affected country] and [armed opposition group] protect civilians and civilian facilities, including schools and hospitals, allow people to move freely, and allow in accordance with relevant provisions of international law and UN guiding principles of humanitarian assistance the full, safe, and unhindered humanitarian access to help ensure timely delivery of humanitarian assistance, to all those in need.

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Decides that the mandate of [UN Mission] shall be the following: ... (g) Support for compliance with international humanitarian and human rights law – To contribute to the promotion and protection of human rights in [affected country], with special attention to grave violations and abuses committed against children and women, notably sexual- and gender-based violence, in close coordination with the Independent Expert established under [relevant UN Human Rights Council resolution]; – To monitor, help investigate, and report to the Council, on abuses and violations of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, including those against children in line with resolutions 1612 (2005), 1882 (2009), 1998 (2011) 2068 (2012) and 2143 (2014), in order to prevent such abuses and violations and to end impunity; – To bring to the attention of the Council all individuals identified as perpetrators of serious human rights violations and to keep the Committee established [by the Security Council to oversee the implementation of sanctions regime in relation to the situation in affected country] informed of any significant developments in this regard when appropriate ...

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Reaffirming that the successful protection of civilians is critical to the fulfilment of [UN Mission]’s mandate and the delivery of an improved security environment, also stressing the importance of peaceful means and progress on key reforms to promote the protection of civilians

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Emphasizes [UN Mission]’s Chapter VII mandate, as defined in [Security Council resolution], to deliver its core tasks to protect civilians without prejudice to the primary responsibility of the Government of [affected country] and to ensure the freedom of movement and security of [UN Mission]’s own personnel and humanitarian workers; recalls that [UN Mission] is authorized to take all the necessary action in fulfilment of this mandate; and urges [UN Mission] to deter any threats against itself and its mandate

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... calls on States which have not already done so to consider ratifying the instruments of international humanitarian, human rights and refugee law, and to take appropriate steps to implement these instruments domestically, which could contribute to timely prevention of conflicts

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Urges the Government to take concrete and discernible steps to prevent and mitigate inter-communal violence by seeking a broad national consensus on addressing effectively identity and land tenure issues

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The Security Council reaffirms the need for peacekeeping missions with protection of civilian mandates to ensure their implementation, and stresses the importance of continued and further engagement by senior mission leadership, with a view to ensuring that all mission components and all levels of the chain of command are properly informed of and are involved in the mission’s protection mandate and their relevant responsibilities. The Security Council reiterates the need for strong leadership in peacekeeping missions, and also encourages further coordination between UN and regional and subregional institutions, as appropriate, on issues relating to the protection of civilians in peacekeeping operations

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... encouraging the efforts to ensure adequate human rights capacity and expertise within [the Mission] to carry out its human rights promotion, protection, and monitoring activities

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Notes the priority of [the Mission]’ mandated tasks ... for the protection of civilians and for the achievement of an improved security environment, urges [the Mission] to deploy its assets accordingly ...

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... urges [the Mission] to enhance its efforts to prevent civilian casualties;

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... reaffirms that the protection of civilians must be given priority in decisions about the use of available capacity and resources and encourages further the use of innovative measures implemented by [the mission] in the protection of civilians;

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Recalls its authorization and stresses its full support given to the [the mission], while impartially implementing its mandate, to use all necessary means to carry out its mandate to protect civilians under imminent threat of physical violence, within its capabilities and its areas of deployment, including to prevent the use of heavy weapons against the civilian population and requests the Secretary-General to keep it urgently informed of measures taken and efforts made in this regard.

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